Dynamic interpretation of falling weight deflectometer test results: Spectral element method

R. Al-Khoury, A. Scarpas, C. Kasbergen, J. Blaauwendraad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The use of spectral analysis as a means of analyzing the dynamic impact of falling weight deflectometer (FWD) load pulses on pavements is covered. The spectral element technique is utilized. Only forward analyses of pavement dynamics are presented, with the emphasis on the suitability of the method for solving inverse problems. LAMDA (layered media dynamic analysis), a newly developed spectral element program, is utilized for the simulation of the interaction between the FWD load pulse and the pavement structure. In LAMDA, the formulation of the wave propagation, reflection, and refraction in a layer is done in a closed form. The assembling of the elements (in the multilayer system) is carried out in a manner similar to that in the finite element method. Consequently, the size of the mesh of a pavement structure is as large as the number of the layers involved. This reduces the computational requirements substantially and hence enables utilization of LAMDA in iterative algorithms for backcalculation purposes.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number1716
StatePublished - 2000


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