Distinction of non-specific low back pain patients with proprioceptive disorders from healthy individuals by linear discriminant analysis

Seyed Mohammadreza Shokouhyan, Mehrdad Davoudi, Maryam Hoviattalab, Mohsen Abedi, Soha Bervis, Mohamad Parnianpour, Simon Brumagne, Kinda Khalaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The central nervous system (CNS) dynamically employs a sophisticated weighting strategy of sensory input, including vision, vestibular and proprioception signals, towards attaining optimal postural control during different conditions. Non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) patients frequently demonstrate postural control deficiencies which are generally attributed to challenges in proprioceptive reweighting, where they often rely on an ankle strategy regardless of postural conditions. Such impairment could lead to potential loss of balance, increased risk of falling, and Low back pain recurrence. In this study, linear and non-linear indicators were extracted from center-of-pressure (COP) and trunk sagittal angle data based on 4 conditions of vibration positioning (vibration on the back, ankle, none or both), 2 surface conditions (foam or rigid), and 2 different groups (healthy and non-specific low back pain patients). Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) was performed on linear and non-linear indicators to identify the best sensory condition towards accurate distinction of non-specific low back pain patients from healthy controls. Two indicators: Phase Plane Portrait ML and Entropy ML with foam surface condition and both ankle and back vibration on, were able to completely differentiate the non-specific low back pain groups. The proposed methodology can help clinicians quantitatively assess the sensory status of non-specific low back pain patients at the initial phase of diagnosis and throughout treatment. Although the results demonstrated the potential effectiveness of our approach in Low back pain patient distinction, a larger and more diverse population is required for comprehensive validation.

Original languageBritish English
Article number1078805
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • COP
  • linear discriminant analysis
  • non-specific low back pain
  • posture control
  • proprioceptive impairment

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