Dissipative particle dynamics for modeling micro-objects in microfluidics: application to dielectrophoresis

Waqas Waheed, Anas Alazzam, Ashraf N. Al-Khateeb, Eiyad Abu-Nada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) technique is employed to model the trajectories of micro-objects in a practical microfluidic device. The simulation approach is first developed using an in-house Fortran code to model Stokes flow at Reynolds number of 0.01. The extremely low Reynolds number is achieved by adjusting the DPD parameters, such as force coefficients, thermal energies of the particles, and time steps. After matching the numerical flow profile with the analytical results, the technique is developed further to simulate the deflection of micro-objects under the effect of a deflecting external force in a rectangular microchannel. A mapping algorithm is introduced to establish the scaling relationship for the deflecting force between the physical device and the DPD domain. Dielectrophoresis is studied as a case study for the deflecting force, and the trajectory of a single red blood cell under the influence of the dielectrophoretic force is simulated. The device is fabricated using standard microfabrication techniques, and the experiments involving a dilute sample of red blood cells are performed at two different cases of the actuation voltage. Good agreement between the numerical and experimental results is achieved.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)389-400
Number of pages12
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • Dielectrophoresis
  • Dissipative particle dynamics
  • Microfluidics
  • Red blood cells


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