Dispersion and functionalization of carbon nanotubes for polymer-based nanocomposites: A review

Peng Cheng Ma, Naveed A. Siddiqui, Gad Marom, Jang Kyo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2890 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hold the promise of delivering exceptional mechanical properties and multi-functional characteristics. Ever-increasing interest in applying CNTs in many different fields has led to continued efforts to develop dispersion and functionalization techniques. To employ CNTs as effective reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites, proper dispersion and appropriate interfacial adhesion between the CNTs and polymer matrix have to be guaranteed. This paper reviews the current understanding of CNTs and CNT/polymer nanocomposites with two particular topics: (i) the principles and techniques for CNT dispersion and functionalization and (ii) the effects of CNT dispersion and functionalization on the properties of CNT/polymer nanocomposites. The fabrication techniques and potential applications of CNT/polymer nanocomposites are also highlighted.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1345-1367
Number of pages23
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • A. Nano-structures
  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • E. Surface treatments

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