Diagenesis associated with cooling during burial: An examplefrom Lower Cretaceous reservoir sandstones (Sirt basin, Libya)

A. Ceriani, A. Di Giulio, R. H. Goldstein, C. Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fluid inclusions in quartz and dolomite cements were used to determine temperature, timing, origin, and function of fluids in the diagenetic evolution of the Lower Cretaceous Upper Sarir Sandstone (Sirt basin, Libya). Transmitted light, backscattered electron, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) cathodoluminescence analyses were carried out to determine the paragenesis. In quartz overgrowths, fluid inclusions along the grain-over-growth boundary yield homogenization temperatures from 130 to 141°C and salinities between seawater and freshwater. Aqueous fluid inclusions in later quartz overgrowths have homogenization temperatures from 114 to 129°C and salinities between 18 and 21 wt. % NaCl equivalent. Fluid inclusions in dolomite have variable homogenization temperatures (120-141°C) and high salinities (20-22 wt. % NaCI equivalent). This trend in homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions is interpreted as the result of quartz cement precipitation in the presence of hot, low-salinity, connate fluids connected with an increased heat flow related to regional rifting. Later quartz overgrowths precipitated during regional cooling concurrent with the end of the rifting and after invasion of saline fluids, possibly brought in from adjacent areas or refluxed downward during or after times of evaporite deposition. This diagenetic history linked to a decreasing heat flow could be common in other aborted-rift basins, which are important targets for oil exploration.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1573-1591
Number of pages19
JournalAAPG Bulletin
Volume86
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2002

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