Developmental profiles of gangliosides in trisomy 19 mice

Dietrich E. Lorke, Ute Sonnentag, Harald Rösner

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The ganglioside composition of the cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem, liver, heart, and spleen was analyzed quantitatively in trisomy 19 (Ts19) mice aged 4 to 12 days postpartum. The developmental profiles of cerebral gangliosides were similar in Ts19 mice and control littermates: Total ganglioside-sialic acid as well as the proportions of the individual gangliosides GD1a and GM1 increased with age, while the percentages of GQ1b and GT1b decreased during development. Both the accretion of the total ganglioside content and the development of the individual ganglioside fractions were delayed by 2-3 days in the Ts19 telencephalon. Likewise, the shift from the b- to the a-pathway of ganglioside synthesis was retarded. Ganglioside development was equally delayed in the cerebellum and the brainstem of Ts19 mice. Since in Ts19 mice, morphogenesis of several brain regions is similarly delayed by 2 days, these results confirm the usefulness of gangliosides as biochemical markers for brain maturation. In contrast to brain gangliosides, the ganglioside composition of the Ts19 livers was clearly distinguished from that of control livers. Total ganglioside-bound sialic acid was increased by 35-50% in Ts19 livers. This elevation in ganglioside content not explicable by a simple delay in development was mainly due to an increase in GD3 and fraction 2, which is likely to contain GD1a and GD1b. In contrast, GM2 which increased considerably with age in control mice persisted on a low level in Ts19 livers. Comparable alterations of the ganglioside pattern were neither observed in the spleen nor in the heart of Ts19 mice. The data presented give additional evidence that ganglioside synthesis in the liver is under a different regulation mechanism than that in the brain, heart, and spleen.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)194-202
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1990


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