Development of chemical sensors based on redox-dependent receptors: N,N′-dimethyldiazapyrenium-modified electrodes

Ninette D. Lilienthal, Habiba Alsafar, Jason Conerty, Rayne Femandez, Cecilia Kong, Diane K. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Electrodes modified with Nafion films containing 2,7-dimethyldiazapyrenium (DAP2+) were prepared and characterized with voltammetry by themselves and in the presence of organic substrates. The large, planar, electron-poor aromatic surface in DAP2+ facilitates π-stacking interactions with other planar aromatic molecules, particularly those that are negatively charged or electron-rich. Previous studies showed that the reduction of DAP2+ decreases the strength of these interactions, making the binding redox-dependent, and resulting in negative shifts in the E1/2 of DAP2+/+. This study shows that the redox-dependent binding ability of DAP2+ is retained in Nafion, but the selectivity is considerably different. Most significantly, the electron-rich, neutral aromatic compounds that produced small shifts in the E1/2 of DAP2+/+ in solution cause much larger shifts, up to -110 mV, with the modified electrodes. With indole as a substrate, Nernstian behavior is observed (-60 mV shift per log[indole]) between 10 and 0.5 mM.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)3322-3328
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2003


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