Determination of minimal sequence for zearalenone aptamer by computational docking and application on an indirect competitive electrochemical aptasensor

Farah Asilah Azri, Jinap Selamat, Rashidah Sukor, Nor Azah Yusof, Nurul Hanun Ahmad Raston, Shimaa Eissa, Mohammed Zourob, Raja Chinnappan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aptamers are short single-stranded oligonucleotides (either DNA or RNA) that can fold into well-defined three-dimensional (3D) spatial structures which enable them to capture their specific target by complementary shape interactions. Aptamers are selected from large random libraries through the SELEX process and only a small fraction of the sequence is involved in direct docking with the target. In this paper, we describe the possible truncation variants of zearalenone (ZEA) aptamer which might be an effective binding region for the target. The originally selected zearalenone (ZEA) aptamer was 80-mer in length and shown to bind the target with a high affinity (Kd = 41 ± 5 nM). Herein, computational docking simulation was performed with 15 truncated variants to determine the predicted binding energy and responsible binding site of the aptamer-analyte complex. The results revealed that 5 truncated variants had binding energy lower than − 7.0 kcal/mol. Circular dichroism analysis was performed on the shortlisted aptamer and the conformational change of aptamers was observed with the presence of an analyte. Aptamer Z3IN (29-mer) was chosen as the most enhanced affinity for its target with a dissociation constant of 11.77 ± 1.44 nM. The aptamer was further applied in the electrochemical aptasensor of ZEA based on an indirect competitive format. The results demonstrated that the truncated aptamer leads to an enhancement of the sensitivity of the biosensor. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)3861-3872
Number of pages12
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume413
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Aptamers
  • Computational docking
  • Truncation
  • Zearalenone

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