Design of optimization model for a hydrogen supply chain under emission constraints - A case study of Germany

A. Almansoori, A. Betancourt-Torcat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


The increasing global demand for petroleum-based fuels, mainly driven by the economic growth in emerging markets imposes significant challenges in terms of energy supply and environmental mitigation strategies. This work introduces an approach for the design and decision making of primary energy source, production, storage, and distribution networks for hydrogen supply in regions (or countries) under emission constraints. The problem was mathematically represented using a source-sink system approach to determine the most suitable hydrogen supply chain (HSC) network. The optimization problem was formulated as a Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) model using GAMS® modeling system. The optimization objective consists of the minimization of the total network cost, both in terms of capital and operating expenditures, subject to: supply, demand, mass conservation, technical performance, economic, and environmental constraints. The model was used to plan the future hydrogen supply chain network for Germany in the year 2030 under emission constraints. The optimization results show that the model is a valuable tool for planning the optimal hydrogen supply chain network of a particular region or country.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)414-429
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2016


  • Design
  • Emission constraints
  • Germany
  • Hydrogen supply chain
  • Mixed integer linear programming


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