Design of a parallel transmit head coil at 7T with magnetic wall distributed filters

Ian R.O. Connell, Kyle M. Gilbert, Mohamed A. Abou-Khousa, Ravi S. Menon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ultra-high field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners (≥ 7T) require radio-frequency (RF) coils to operate in the range of the electromagnetic spectrum where the effective wavelength in the tissue approaches the patient dimensions. Multi-channel transmit arrays, driven in parallel, have been developed to increase the transmit field (B1+) uniformity in this wavelength regime. However, the closely packed array elements interact through mutual coupling. This paper expands on the ability of a distributed planar filter (the 'magnetic wall') to decouple individual elements in an entire array. A transmit RF coil suitable for neuroimaging at 7T was constructed. The transmit coil, composed of 10 individual surface coil elements, was decoupled with magnetic walls. A separate receive coil array was used for signal reception. The hardware and imaging performance of the transmit coil was validated with electromagnetic simulation, bench-top measurements, and in vivo MRI experiments. Analysis and measurements confirmed that the magnetic wall decoupling method provides high isolation between transmit channels, while minimally affecting the (B1+) field profiles. Electromagnetic simulations confirmed that the decoupling method did not correlate to local specific absorption rate (SAR) 'hot spots' or increase local-to-global SAR fractions in comparison to previously reported 7T multi-channel transmit arrays employing different decoupling methods.

Original languageBritish English
Article number6955843
Pages (from-to)836-845
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Decoupling
  • distributed filter
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • magnetic wall
  • mutual coupling
  • radio-frequency (RF) arrays
  • RF coil
  • RF planar filter
  • transmit coil

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