Design considerations of flat patterns analysis techniques when applied for folding 3-D sheet metal geometries

A. Qattawi, Ahmad Mayyas, H. Thiruvengadam, V. Kumar, S. Dongri, M. Omar

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    21 Scopus citations


    This paper discusses a systematic approach to implement the principles of Flat Pattern Analysis FPA for folding sheet metal products. The paper starts by highlighting the needs for the vehicular structure forming process with respect to the main production line requirements through using Quality Function Deployment QFD matrix. Additionally, the potentials of fold forming for sheet metal parts in achieving the major production needs will then be benchmarked against other forming techniques through a decision making tool namely; the Analytical Hierarchy Process AHP. The study investigates the application of flat pattern tools for sheet metal products derived from analysis for thin or zero thickness sheets (i.e. paper origami). The analysis sets an approach to generate all possible configurations of flat patterns that result in a specific 3-D structure profile. Secondly, a set of optimality selection metrics are developed and applied to these configurations to help determine the most optimized flat pattern. These optimality measures are a metric based on compactness, a metric for nesting efficiency to describe the strip layout planning, and two measures to assess the manufacturing aspect i.e. bending operation in terms of number and orientation of bend lines.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)109-128
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Feb 2014


    • Flat pattern analysis
    • Material utilization
    • Optimal nesting pattern
    • Sheet metal


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