Design and implementation of a fault detection method for a PV-fed DC-microgrid with power control mechanism

Muhammad Zakir, Ammar Arshad, Hadeed Ahmed Sher, Ahmed Al-Durra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This paper presents practical implementation of a fault detection, localisation, and categorisation (FDLC) method in PV-fed DC-microgrid (DCMG). The DCMG is implemented by utilising a group of two DC nanogrids (DCNG) that have power control mechanism (PCM). The FDLC uses a voltage calculating circuit comprising a single voltage sensor and diode network. Moreover, the architecture is based on six statements extracted from the investigation of line to line (L–L) and line to ground (L–G) faults at a DCNG of the cluster. The PCM in the proposed system utilises a power triggering circuit for effective power flow among the different units of the DCNG considering the load demands and the resource availability. Experimentation is carried out by creating L–L/L–G faults at different points in the DCMG. Detection, localisation, and classification of faults is performed by utilising the sensor's voltage and power of the individual DCNG. FDLC offers less computational burden, perform fast detection of fault, and is capable of distinguishing between the L–L/L–G faults and uniform irradiance and partial shading conditions in the PV-array. The proposed FDLC technique and its six statements are verified through experimental results.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1057-1071
Number of pages15
JournalIET Electric Power Applications
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • DC-microgrid
  • fault detection
  • photovoltaic (PV) fed systems
  • power-management


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