Degradation of sulfamethoxazole in water by AgNbO3 photocatalyst mediated by persulfate

Chung Shin Lu, Hwei Yan Tsai, Janah Shaya, Vladimir B. Golovko, Syuan Yun Wang, Wen Jin Liu, Chiing Chang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, silver niobate (AgNbO3) material was synthesized by a solid-state reaction. AgNbO3 was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) measurement. The photocatalytic activity of AgNbO3 was investigated in degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) under visible light, which is a widely used antibiotic with significant threats towards health and aquatic organisms. Persulfate (PS) oxidant was found to improve the efficiency of the proposed photocatalytic removal of SMX by AgNbO3. The different operational parameters in the AgNbO3/PS/Vis system were investigated. The best photocatalytic performance was achieved with 0.5 g L−1 AgNbO3, 1.0 mM PS, and pH = 5.0 as the optimal conditions, achieving 98% of SMX degradation after 8 h of visible-light irradiation. Scavenger and electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments were carried out to identify the major reactive species in the SMX degradation and to propose the photocatalytic mechanism by the AgNbO3/PS/Vis system. The photodecomposition was found to be majorly caused by holes and ˙O2 species, with ˙OH and SO4˙ radicals contributing to improve the photocatalytic process. The AgNbO3 catalyst was stable and reusable with efficient photocatalytic activity in three successive recycling experiments and its XRD patterns remained virtually unchanged. The reported process of PS activation by the AgNbO3 photocatalyst is promising for visible-light application in remediation of antibiotic-contaminated water.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)29709-29718
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Volume12
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Oct 2022

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