Deep Reinforcement Learning for RSMA-Based Multi-Functional Wireless Networks

Shimaa A. Naser, Abubakar Sani Ali, Sami Muhaidat

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


    The upcoming sixth generation (6G) is expected to support a wide range of applications that require efficient sensing, accurate localization, and reliable communication capabilities. Furthermore, 6G is expected to catalyze the development of new use cases that will require working in extreme environmental and hazardous conditions and have ultra-small size and low-cost wire-less devices. Thus, developing sustainable multi-functional wireless networks that are capable of incorporating billions of low-power devices and supporting their sensing and communication requirements on top of energy harvesting capability is of paramount importance. Motivated by this, we consider in this work a rate-splitting multiple access (RSMA)-based multifunctional wireless network with sensing, energy harvesting, and communication capabilities. We employ trust region policy optimization (TRPO), a deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithm, to efficiently allocate the available resources and manage the interference between the three functionalities. TRPO/DRL is capable to learn a near-optimal policy for the resource allocation problem in a complex and dynamic environment. This enables us to obtain near-optimal transmit precoders, power splitting ratios, and rate-splitting among the common and private rates in a multiple access setting. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of RSMA in mitigating the interference in such multi-functional networks and its capability to accommodate the rate and energy harvesting requirements of the devices while still capable of sensing multiple targets.

    Original languageBritish English
    Title of host publicationGLOBECOM 2023 - 2023 IEEE Global Communications Conference
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)9798350310900
    StatePublished - 2023
    Event2023 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2023 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Duration: 4 Dec 20238 Dec 2023

    Publication series

    NameProceedings - IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM
    ISSN (Print)2334-0983
    ISSN (Electronic)2576-6813


    Conference2023 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2023
    CityKuala Lumpur


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