Deep Reinforcement Learning-Based Multidimensional Resource Management for Energy Harvesting Cognitive NOMA Communications

Zhaoyuan Shi, Xianzhong Xie, Huabing Lu, Helin Yang, Jun Cai, Zhiguo Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The combination of energy harvesting (EH), cognitive radio (CR), and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is a promising solution to improve energy efficiency and spectral efficiency of the upcoming beyond fifth generation network (B5G), especially for support the wireless sensor communications in Internet of things (IoT) system. However, how to realize intelligent frequency, time, and energy resource allocation to support better performances is an important problem to be solved. In this paper, we study joint spectrum, energy, and time resource management for the EH-CR-NOMA IoT systems. Our goal is to minimize the number of data packets losses for all secondary sensing users (SSU), while satisfying the constraints on the maximum charging battery capacity, maximum transmitting power, maximum buffer capacity, and minimum data rate of primary users (PU) and SSUs. Due to the non-convexity of this optimization problem and the stochastic nature of the wireless environment, we propose a distributed multidimensional resource management algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL). Considering the continuity of the resources to be managed, the deep deterministic policy gradient (DDPG) algorithm is adopted, based on which each agent (SSU) can manage its own multidimensional resources without collaboration. In addition, a simplified but practical action adjuster (AA) is introduced for improving the training efficiency and battery performance protection. The provided results show that the convergence speed of the proposed algorithm is about 4 times faster than that of DDPG, and the average number of packet losses (ANPL) is about 8 times lower than that of the greedy algorithm.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)3110-3125
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2022


  • cognitive radio
  • deep deterministic policy gradient (DDPG)
  • Energy harvesting
  • multidimensional resource management
  • NOMA


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