Decentralized document version control using ethereum blockchain and IPFS

N. Nizamuddin, K. Salah, M. Ajmal Azad, J. Arshad, M. H. Rehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

166 Scopus citations


In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based solution and framework for document sharing and version control to facilitate multi-user collaboration and track changes in a trusted, secure, and decentralized manner, with no involvement of a centralized trusted entity or third party. This solution is based on utilizing Ethereum smart contracts to govern and regulate the document version control functions among the creators and developers of the document and its validators. Moreover, our solution leverages the benefits of IPFS (InterPlanetary File System) to store documents on a decentralized file system. The proposed solution automates necessary interactions among multiple actors comprising developers and approvers. Smart contracts have been developed using Solidity language, and their functionalities were tested using the Remix IDE (Integrated Development Environment). The paper demonstrates that our smart contract code is free of commonly known security vulnerabilities and attacks. The code has been made publically available at Github.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)183-197
Number of pages15
JournalComputers and Electrical Engineering
StatePublished - Jun 2019


  • Blockchain
  • Document Sharing
  • Ethereum Smart Contracts
  • Integrative Collaboration
  • IPFS
  • Version Control


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