Data-driven modeling and forecasting of COVID-19 outbreak for public policy making

A. Hasan, E. R.M. Putri, H. Susanto, N. Nuraini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


This paper presents a data-driven approach for COVID-19 modeling and forecasting, which can be used by public policy and decision makers to control the outbreak through Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPI). First, we apply an extended Kalman filter (EKF) to a discrete-time stochastic augmented compartmental model to estimate the time-varying effective reproduction number (Rt). We use daily confirmed cases, active cases, recovered cases, deceased cases, Case-Fatality-Rate (CFR), and infectious time as inputs for the model. Furthermore, we define a Transmission Index (TI) as a ratio between the instantaneous and the maximum value of the effective reproduction number. The value of TI indicates the “effectiveness” of the disease transmission from a contact between a susceptible and an infectious individual in the presence of current measures, such as physical distancing and lock-down, relative to a normal condition. Based on the value of TI, we forecast different scenarios to see the effect of relaxing and tightening public measures. Case studies in three countries are provided to show the practicability of our approach.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalISA Transactions
StatePublished - May 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Forecasting
  • Modeling
  • Public policy


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