Current Understanding of Water Properties inside Carbon Nanotubes

Aris Chatzichristos, Jamal Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Confined water inside carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has attracted a lot of attention in recent years, amassing as a result a very large number of dedicated studies, both theoretical and experimental. This exceptional scientific interest can be understood in terms of the exotic properties of nanoconfined water, as well as the vast array of possible applications of CNTs in a wide range of fields stretching from geology to medicine and biology. This review presents an overreaching narrative of the properties of water in CNTs, based mostly on results from systematic nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and molecular dynamics (MD) studies, which together allow the untangling and explanation of many seemingly contradictory results present in the literature. Further, we identify still-debatable issues and open problems, as well as avenues for future studies, both theoretical and experimental.

Original languageBritish English
Article number174
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Water


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