Cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris using sequential-flow bubble column photobioreactor: A stress-inducing strategy for lipid accumulation and carbon dioxide fixation

Yaleeni Kanna Dasan, Man Kee Lam, Suzana Yusup, Jun Wei Lim, Pau Loke Show, Inn Shi Tan, Keat Teong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biological CO2 fixation by microalgae coupled with value-added product creation appears to be a sustainable approach in microalgae-based industry. However, the major constraint of this process is the low solubility of CO2 in water which limits CO2 fixation ability by the microalgae. Therefore, the current work aimed to improve the CO2 fixation efficiency of Chlorella vulgaris through the introduction of sequential-flow bubble column photobioreactor system. The influence of various cultivation parameters towards the growth, carbon fixation efficiency, lipid accumulation, and fatty acid profile of C. vulgaris were explored. Experimental results showed that microalgae cultivated under optimized conditions attained the highest biomass productivity (0.83-0.86 »g/L/day) as compared to the control conditions. Meanwhile, the highest lipid content (50.4 % for SFB-PBR1) was recorded when the microalgae were cultivated in the spent medium. In addition, the CO2 fixation efficiency by microalgae in the sequential-flow photobioreactor system under the optimized condition was 3.78-fold higher than a single column mode (control). In short, the present work had demonstrated that cultivation conditions and photobioreactors configuration were equally important for an effective carbon capture process via microalgae cultivation.

Original languageBritish English
Article number101226
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Biofuel
  • Carbon fixation
  • Lipid
  • Microalgae
  • Sequential system

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris using sequential-flow bubble column photobioreactor: A stress-inducing strategy for lipid accumulation and carbon dioxide fixation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this