Cu-Ce-La-Ox as efficient CO oxidation catalysts: Effect of Cu content

Maitha AlKetbi, Kyriaki Polychronopoulou, Maguy Abi Jaoude, Michalis A. Vasiliades, Victor Sebastian, Steven J. Hinder, Mark A. Baker, Abdallah F. Zedan, Angelos M. Efstathiou

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Abstract

Nanograins of Ce-La-xCu-O mixed metal oxides (where x = 3, 5, 7, 10, 20 at.%), of approximately 16 nm2 area size, and having all the metal cations homogeneously distributed, are tested as ternary catalytic materials towards the CO oxidation in the 100–475 °C range. Preservation of the cubic ceria lattice structure in those catalysts following La3+ (heavy) and Cu2+ (light) metal cations doping is confirmed based on the powder X-ray diffraction and Raman shift studies. From X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies, the presence of mixed Ce3+/Ce4+ and Cu2+/Cu1+ oxidation states was confirmed, which was more profound in the low Cu-content Ce-La-xCu-O catalysts. The copper doping is also found to increase the concentration of oxygen vacant sites in the doped-CeO2 solid as demonstrated from the increase of the Raman intensity ratio IOv/IF2g of 1.58 and 1.78 with the increase in copper content from 7 to 20 at.% as compared to the lower value of 0.44 obtained for the Cu-free catalyst (Ce-La). The mobility of the surface and bulk oxygen ions in the lattice of such doped-CeO2 materials is further investigated using 16O/18O transient isothermal isotopic exchange (TIIE) experiments, and is found to be Cu at.% dependent. For the case of Ce-La-20Cu, the participation of the lattice oxygen (OL) in the reaction mechanism has been demonstrated using transient experiments. Accordingly, the specific rate (μmol CO m−2s−1) of the CO oxidation reaction is found to be higher for the Ce-La-20Cu and Ce-La-7Cu catalysts, corroborating thus the presence of more mobile/labile oxygen species in those ternary catalysts as opposed to the other lower copper compositions.

Original languageBritish English
Article number144474
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume505
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • O/O isotopic exchange
  • Ce-La-Cu-O
  • CO oxidation
  • Microwave
  • Oxygen mobility
  • Oxygen vacancies
  • Ternary oxides

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