Cr2O3 nanosheet/carbon cloth anode with strong interaction and fast charge transfer for pseudocapacitive energy storage in lithium-ion batteries

Donglei Guo, Mengke Yang, Lilei Zhang, Yicong Li, Jinxiang Wang, Guilong Liu, Naiteng Wu, Jang Kyo Kim, Xianming Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flexible lithium-ion batteries have attracted considerable interest for next-generation bendable, implantable and wearable electronics devices. Here, we have successfully grown Cr2O3 nanosheets on carbon cloth (CC) as freestanding anodes for Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Density functional theory (DFT) calculations verify an optimal structure of two-dimensional Cr2O3 nanosheets on the carbon fiber surface and a strong interaction between the O edges of Cr2O3 and the carbon. The interconnected Cr2O3 nanosheets with a large surface area enable fast charge transfer by efficient contact with electrolyte while the flexible CC substrate accommodates the volume change during cycles, leading to excellent rate capability and cyclic stability through psuedocapacitance-dominant energy storage. Full cells are assembled using the Cr2O3-CC anode and a LiFePO4 cathode, which deliver excellent capacity retention and rate capability. The fully-charged cell is demonstrated to power a red light-emitting diode (LED), verifying the potential of Cr2O3-CC as a promising anode material for LIBs.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)33446-33453
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Volume9
Issue number57
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

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