Creation of 21st century anatomy facilities: designing facilities for integrated preclinical education in the Middle East

Dietrich Ernst Lorke, John A. Rock, Robert Hernandez, David Graham, Natalie Keough, Daniël J. van Tonder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The establishment of new anatomy facilities needs to accommodate a combination of modern teaching modalities that best align with evidence-based best teaching practices. This article describes the process in which our state-of-the-art anatomy laboratories were designed and implemented, and how these facilities support aspects of modern anatomy education. Methods: A list of best practices for anatomy education in a modern medical curriculum was summarized from the literature. To assess student satisfaction, a survey related to student perception of the anatomy facilities (5-point Likert scale) was conducted. Results: Our educational modalities include a broad range of teaching approaches. The Instructional Studio houses prosected and plastinated specimens, and cadaveric dissections are performed. Each of our three Dry Laboratories allow for active learning and interaction between small student groups. The Webinar Room acts as a conference room for departmental and online meetings, discussions with students, and dialogues with affiliated hospitals via the internet. The Imaging Center is equipped with a Sectra® medical educational platform, CAE Vimedix® Virtual Medical Imaging Ultrasound Training System, and Philipps Lumify® Ultrasound devices to train students to conduct and interpret sonographic images. Moreover, the Complete Anatomy® program is made available to all our students. Conclusion: The layout of our newly created Anatomy Facilities allows for all aspects of modern medical education mentioned in the literature. These educational modalities and teaching approaches are highly appreciated by our faculty and students. Moreover, these technologies allowed for a smooth transition from on-site anatomy teaching to online education during the COVID pandemic. © 2023, The Author(s).
Original languageAmerican English
JournalBMC Medical Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • anatomy
  • cadaver
  • coronavirus disease 2019
  • curriculum
  • dissection
  • education
  • human
  • medical education
  • medical student
  • procedures
  • teaching
  • Anatomy
  • Cadaver
  • COVID-19
  • Curriculum
  • Dissection
  • Education
  • Medical
  • Undergraduate
  • Educational Measurement
  • Humans
  • Students
  • Teaching


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