Coupling the capabilities of different complexing agents into deep eutectic solvents to enhance the separation of aromatics from aliphatics

Hanee F. Hizaddin, Mulyono Sarwono, Mohd Ali Hashim, Inas M. Alnashef, Mohamed K. Hadj-Kali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

(Liquid + liquid) extraction of ethylbenzene from n-octane by using tetrabutylammonium bromide-based deep eutectic solvents (DESs) containing pyridine, ethylene glycol, or a mixture of both complexing agents was investigated at 25°C and atmospheric pressure. The performance of each DES was determined from the distribution ratio and selectivity values calculated using experimental (liquid + liquid) equilibrium data of the ternary systems ethylbenzene + n-octane + DESs. The DES with only ethylene glycol had a high selectivity but a low distribution ratio, whereas the DES with only pyridine had a high distribution ratio but a low selectivity. For the other DESs, adding pyridine increased the distribution ratio, and increasing the molar ratio of ethylene glycol increased the selectivity. Generally, whenever the selectivity increased, the distribution ratio decreased, and vice versa. The nonrandom two-liquid model was used to correlate the experimental data, and the average root mean square deviation (RMSD) between correlated and experimental tie lines was 1.4%. Moreover, the Conductor-like Screening Model for Real Solvents was successfully used to predict the ternary tie lines for the studied systems with an average RMSD of 3.7%.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2015

Keywords

  • (Liquid + liquid) extraction
  • Aromatic/aliphatic separation
  • COSMO-RS prediction
  • Deep eutectic solvent
  • NRTL modeling

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