CO2 purification. Part I: Purification requirement review and the selection of impurities deep removal technologies

Zeina Abbas, Toufic Mezher, Mohammad Abu Zahra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Depending on the reference power plant, the type of fuel and the capture method used, the CO2 product stream contains several impurities which may have negative impacts on pipeline transportation, geological storage and/or Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) applications. All negative impacts require setting stringent quality guidelines for each application and purifying the CO2 stream prior to exposing it to any of these applications. In this paper, the CO2 stream specifications and impurities from the conventional post-combustion capture technology are assessed. Furthermore, the CO2 restricted purification guidelines for pipeline transportation, EOR and geological storage are evaluated. Upon the comparison of the levels of impurities present in the CO2 stream and their restricted targets, it was found that the two major impurities which entail deep removal, due to operational concerns, are oxygen and water from 300ppmv to 10ppmv and 7.3% to 50ppmv, respectively. Moreover, a list of plausible technologies for oxygen and water removal is explored after which the selection of the most promising technologies is made. It was found that catalytic oxidation of hydrogen and refrigeration and condensation are the most promising technologies for oxygen and water removal respectively.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)324-334
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • De-oxygenation
  • Dehydration
  • Impurities matrix

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