CO2 capture adsorbents functionalized by amine – bearing polymers: A review

Anish Mathai Varghese, Georgios N. Karanikolos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

181 Scopus citations

Abstract

Efforts to capture CO2 from anthropogenic sources as well as from the air are being continuously intensified as to battle the greenhouse gas effects and climate change. Capture by liquid solvent absorption, mainly involving amines, is the common industrial practice, yet capture relying on solid adsorbents is increasingly gaining interest due to its potential for less energy-demanding and more efficient operation. Despite the large variety of porous adsorbents being explored, such as zeolites, carbons, mesoporous silicas, graphene and related structures, polymers, and metal-organic frameworks, it still remains challenging to find a proper material to cover all the critical specifications, i.e. with respect to CO2 capacity, selectivity, chemical and thermal stability, fast kinetics, cyclability, low energy consumption, low manufacturing cost, and mechanical robustness. To this end, combining highly CO2-phylic amines with the most robust of the developed solid porous materials through functionalization of the latter is a highly promising approach. Consequently, particular emphasis is given to increase the number of amine functional groups per unit of support area, enhance CO2-phylicity of the amines, and provide suitable diffusion pathways to enhance CO2 capacity. Towards achieving this goal, use of amine-bearing polymer functionalities is being highly investigated. This work critically and comparably reviews current progress on polymeric amine - functionalized solid adsorbents and their performance in CO2 capture. It examines works based on various polymers, including polyethylenimine, polypropylenimine, polyallylamine, polyaniline, amino dendrimers, and hyperbranched polyamines. Based on the extracted comparisons, optimal systems are proposed and envisioned and future trends and directions are stated.

Original languageBritish English
Article number103005
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume96
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Adsorbents
  • Adsorption
  • Amines
  • Carbon capture
  • Carbon dioxide
  • CCS
  • CCUS
  • Climate change
  • CO
  • Functionalization
  • Greenhouse gas
  • Separation

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