Core-to-Field-Scale Simulations of Polymer Viscoelastic Effect on Oil Recovery Using the Extended Viscoelastic Model

Mursal Zeynalli, Emad W. Al-Shalabi, Waleed AlAmeri

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Being one of the most commonly used chemical EOR methods, polymer flooding can substantially improve both macroscopic and microscopic recovery efficiencies by sweeping bypassed oil and mobilizing residual oil, respectively. However, a proper estimation of incremental oil to polymer flooding requires an accurate prediction of the complex rheological response of polymers. In this paper, a novel viscoelastic model that comprehensively analyzes the polymer rheology in porous media is used in a reservoir simulator to predict the recovery efficiency to polymer flooding at both core- and field-scales. The extended viscoelastic model can capture polymer Newtonian and non-Newtonian behavior, as well as mechanical degradation that may take place at ultimate shear rates. The rheological model was implemented in an open- source reservoir simulator. In addition, the effect of polymer viscoelasticity on displacement efficiency was also captured through trapping number. The calculation of trapping number and corresponding residual-phase saturation was verified against a commercial simulator. Core-scale tertiary polymer flooding predictions revealed the positive effect of injection rate and polymer concentration on oil displacement efficiency. It was found that high polymer concentration (>2000 ppm) is needed to displace residual oil at reservoir rate as opposed to near injector well rate. On the other hand, field-scale predictions of polymer flooding were performed in a quarter 5-spot well pattern, using rock and fluid properties representing the Middle East carbonate reservoirs. The field-simulation studies showed that tertiary polymer flooding might improve both volumetric sweep efficiency and displacement efficiency. For this case study, incremental oil recovery by polymer flooding is estimated at around 11 %OOIP, which includes about 4 %OOIP residual oil mobilized by viscoelastic polymers. Furthermore, the effect of different parameters on the polymer flooding efficiency was investigated through sensitivity analysis. This study provides more insight into the robustness of the extended viscoelastic model as well as its effect on polymer injectivity and related oil recovery at both core- and field-scales. The proposed polymer viscoelastic model can be easily implemented into any commercial reservoir simulator for representative field-scale predictions of polymer flooding.

    Original languageBritish English
    Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021
    ISBN (Electronic)9781613998342
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2021
    Event2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021 - Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
    Duration: 15 Nov 202118 Nov 2021

    Publication series

    NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers - Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021

    Conference

    Conference2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021
    Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
    CityAbu Dhabi
    Period15/11/2118/11/21

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