Core-shell Fe3O4-ZnO nanoparticles decorated on reduced graphene oxide for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting

N. Yusoff, S. Vijay Kumar, A. Pandikumar, N. M. Huang, A. R. Marlinda, M. N. An'Amt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    52 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Herein, we report the hydrothermal synthesis of hetero-nanostructures of core-shell Fe3O4-ZnO nanoparticles with rGO sheets having different weight ratios and characterized by suitable techniques, including high-resolution transition electron microscopy (HRTEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDX), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman microscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL) and UV-vis spectroscopy. The as-prepared rGO/Fe3O4-ZnO nanocomposite materials were used for photoelectrochemical water splitting. The photoelectrochemical results showed that the photocurrent density increased from 520 μA/cm2 to 850 μA/cm2 at 1.23 VRHE with an increase in the (Zn(OH)2 precursor loading. The addition of graphene effectively enhanced the photoelectrochemical performance of the core-shell Fe3O4-ZnO hybrid material. We further demonstrated that the Zn(OH)2 content in the composite played an important role in the determination of the electronic interaction strength with rGO sheets, and the formation of the core-shell Fe3O4-ZnO complex helped to slow the recombination rate of electron-hole pairs, which also affected the photoelectrochemical performance. This rGO/Fe3O4-ZnO nanocomposite material could be a promising candidate for solar hydrogen production.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)5117-5128
    Number of pages12
    JournalCeramics International
    Volume41
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015

    Keywords

    • Core-shell
    • Iron (III) oxide
    • Reduced graphene oxide
    • Water splitting
    • Zinc oxide

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