Continuous wavelet transform and higher-order spectrum: Combinatory potentialities in breath sound analysis and electroencephalogram-based pain characterization

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Abstract

The combination of the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) with a higher-order spectrum (HOS) merges two worlds into one that conveys information regarding the non-stationarity, non-Gaussianity and nonlinearity of the systems and/or signals under examination. In the current work, the thirdorder spectrum (TOS), which is used to detect the nonlinearity and deviation from Gaussianity of two types of biomedical signals, that is, wheezes and electroencephalogram (EEG), is combined with the CWT to offer a timescale representation of the examined signals. As a result, a CWT/TOS field is formed and a time axis is introduced, creating a time bifrequency domain, which provides a new means for wheeze nonlinear analysis and dynamic EEG-based pain characterization. A detailed description and examples are provided and discussed to showcase the combinatory potential of CWT/TOS in the field of advanced signal processing. This article is part of the theme issue 'Redundancy rules: the continuouswavelet transform comes of age'.

Original languageBritish English
Article number20170249
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume376
Issue number2126
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • breath sounds
  • continuous wavelet transform
  • electroencephalogram
  • higher-order spectrum
  • pain characterization
  • wavelet bispectrum

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