Continuous selective deoxygenation of palm oil for renewable diesel production over Ni catalysts supported on Al2O3and La2O3-Al2O3

Kyriakos N. Papageridis, Nikolaos D. Charisiou, Savvas Douvartzides, Victor Sebastian, Steven J. Hinder, Mark A. Baker, Ayesha A. AlKhoori, Sara I. AlKhoori, Kyriaki Polychronopoulou, Maria A. Goula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study provides, for the first time in the literature, a comparative assessment of the catalytic performance of Ni catalysts supported on γ-Al2O3and γ-Al2O3modified with La2O3, in a continuous flow trickle bed reactor, for the selective deoxygenation of palm oil. The catalysts were preparedviathe wet impregnation method and were characterized, after calcination and/or reduction, by N2adsorption/desorption, XRD, NH3-TPD, CO2-TPD, H2-TPR, H2-TPD, XPS and TEM, and after the time-on-stream tests, by TGA, TPO, Raman and TEM. Catalytic experiments were performed between 300-400 °C, at a constant pressure (30 bar) and different LHSV (1.2-3.6 h−1). The results show that the incorporation of La2O3in the Al2O3support increased the Ni surface atomic concentration (XPS), affected the nature and abundance of surface basicity (CO2-TPD), and despite leading to a drop in surface acidity (NH3-TPD), the Ni/LaAl catalyst presented a larger population of medium-strength acid sites. These characteristics helped promote the SDO process and prevented extended cracking and the formation of coke. Thus, higher triglyceride conversions andn-C15ton-C18hydrocarbon yields were achieved with the Ni/LaAl at lower reaction temperatures. Moreover, the Ni/LaAl catalyst was considerably more stable during 20 h of time-on-stream. Examination of the spent catalysts revealed that both carbon deposition and degree of graphitization of the surface coke, as well as, the extent of sintering were lower on the Ni/LaAl catalyst, explaining its excellent performance during time-on-stream.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)8569-8584
Number of pages16
JournalRSC Advances
Volume11
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2021

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