Constructing ultraporous covalent organic frameworks in seconds via an organic terracotta process

Suvendu Karak, Sharath Kandambeth, Bishnu P. Biswal, Himadri Sekhar Sasmal, Sushil Kumar, Pradip Pachfule, Rahul Banerjee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    409 Scopus citations


    Research on covalent organic frameworks (COFs) has recently gathered significant momentum by the virtue of their predictive design, controllable porosity, and long-range ordering. However, the lack of solvent-free and easy-to-perform synthesis processes appears to be the bottleneck toward their greener fabrication, thereby limiting their possible potential applications. To alleviate such shortcomings, we demonstrate a simple route toward the rapid synthesis of highly crystalline and ultraporous COFs in seconds using a novel salt-mediated crystallization approach. A high degree of synthetic control in interlayer stacking and layer planarity renders an ordered network with a surface area as high as 3000 m2 g-1. Further, this approach has been extrapolated for the continuous synthesis of COFs by means of a twin screw extruder and in situ processes of COFs into different shapes mimicking the ancient terracotta process. Finally, the regular COF beads are shown to outperform the leading zeolites in water sorption performance, with notably facile regeneration ability and structural integrity.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)1856-1862
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - 8 Feb 2017


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