Constructing Genetic Networks using Biomedical Literature and Rare Event Classification

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Abstract

Text mining has become an important tool in bioinformatics research with the massive growth in the biomedical literature over the past decade. Mining the biomedical literature has resulted in an incredible number of computational algorithms that assist many bioinformatics researchers. In this paper, we present a text mining system called Gene Interaction Rare Event Miner (GIREM) that constructs gene-gene-interaction networks for human genome using information extracted from biomedical literature. GIREM identifies functionally related genes based on their co-occurrences in the abstracts of biomedical literature. For a given gene g, GIREM first extracts the set of genes found within the abstracts of biomedical literature associated with g. GIREM aims at enhancing biological text mining approaches by identifying the semantic relationship between each co-occurrence of a pair of genes in abstracts using the syntactic structures of sentences and linguistics theories. It uses a supervised learning algorithm, weighted logistic regression to label pairs of genes to related or un-related classes, and to reflect the population proportion using smaller samples. We evaluated GIREM by comparing it experimentally with other well-known approaches and a protein-protein interactions database. Results showed marked improvement.

Original languageBritish English
Article number15784
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

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