Comparisons of the NGA-Subduction ground motion models

Nick Gregor, Kofi Addo, Norman A. Abrahamson, Linda Al Atik, Gail M. Atkinson, David M. Boore, Yousef Bozorgnia, Kenneth W. Campbell, Brian S.J. Chiou, Zeynep Gülerce, Behzad Hassani, Tadahiro Kishida, Nico Kuehn, Silvia Mazzoni, Saburoh Midorikawa, Grace A. Parker, Hongjun Si, Jonathan P. Stewart, Robert R. Youngs

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9 Scopus citations


In this article, ground-motion models (GMMs) for subduction earthquakes recently developed as part of the Next Generation Attenuation-Subduction (NGA-Sub) project are compared. The four models presented in this comparison study are documented in their respective articles submitted along with this article. Each of these four models is based on the analysis of the large NGA-Sub database. Three of the four current models are developed for a global version as well as separate regionalized models. The fourth model was developed based on earthquakes only from Japan, and as such is applicable only for Japan. As part of this comparison study, a general discussion on the parameterization of the four models and the regionalization of the three models is provided. The specific strengths and or weaknesses or the technical decisions and justifications of any one model are not part of this comparison. A selected suite of deterministic attenuation curves and spectra are presented for the models along with a selected suite of currently used subduction models. A limited number of comparisons are presented in this article with a larger number of comparisons and the digital values provided in the electronic attachment. In addition to these scenario calculation comparisons, the results from a standard probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) for two sites located in the Pacific Northwest Region in the state of Washington are presented. These calculations highlight the potential impact of using the new GMMs. Based on the comparisons presented here, a general understanding of these new GMMs can be obtained with the expectation that the implementation of a specific seismic hazard study should incorporate similar and additional comparisons and sensitivity studies pertinent to the site of interest.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)2580-2610
Number of pages31
JournalEarthquake Spectra
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • attenuation
  • Cascadia
  • Ground Motion Models (GMMs)
  • Next Generation Attenuation for Subduction (NGA-Sub)
  • seismic hazard
  • subduction earthquakes


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