Comparison between different keratin-composed biosorbents for the removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions

Fawzi Banat, Sameer Al-Asheh, Dheaya Al-Rousan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined and compared the ability of chicken feathers, human hair and animal horns, as keratin-composed biosorbents, for the removal of Zn2+ and Cu2+ ions from single metal ion aqueous solutions under different operating conditions. The three biosorbents investigated in this study were all capable of adsorbing Zn2+ and Cu2+ ions from aqueous solutions. The biosorbent showing the highest uptake of Zn2+ and Cu2+ ions was animal horns. Chicken feathers showed a higher Cu2+ ion uptake and a lower Zn2+ ion compared to human hair. Increasing the initial concentration of Zn2+ or Cu2+ ions, or increasing the initial pH value, increased the metal ion uptake. Such uptake decreased when the temperature was raised from 25°C to 50°C for all adsorbent/metal ion combinations except for Zn2+ ion/human hair where the uptake increased with temperature. It was demonstrated that the addition of NaCl salt to the metal ion solution depressed the metal ion uptake. The Freundlich isotherm model was found to be applicable to the adsorption data for Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)393-416
Number of pages24
JournalAdsorption Science and Technology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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