Chicken skin based Milli Watt range biocompatible triboelectric nanogenerator for biomechanical energy harvesting

Muhammad Umair Khan, Eman Mohammad, Yawar Abbas, Moh’d Rezeq, Baker Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This work reports a high-performance, low-cost, biocompatible triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) using chicken skin (CS). The device is suitable to power wearable devices, which is critical to adapt electronics in monitoring, predicting, and treating people. It also supports sustainability by providing a cost-effective way to reduce the poultry industry's waste. It has been shown here that CS-derived biowaste is an effective means of generating tribopositive material for TENGs. The CS contains amino acid functional groups based on (Glycine, Proline, and Hydroxyproline), which are essential to demonstrate the electron-donating ability of collagen. The skin was cut into 3 × 3 cm2 and used as the raw material for fabricating the TENG device with a stacking sequence of Al/Kapton/spacing/CS/Al. The chicken skin-based TENG (CS-TENG) is characterized at different frequencies (4–14 HZ) using a damping system. The CS-TENG produces an open-circuit voltage of 123 V, short-circuit current of 20 µA and 0.2 mW/cm2 of a power density at 20 MΩ. The biocompatible CS-TENG presents ultra-robust and stable endurance performance with more than 52,000 cycles. The CS-TENG is impressively capable of scavenging energy to light up to 55 commercial light-emitting diodes (LEDs), a calculator, and to measure the physiological motions of the human body. CS-TENG is a step toward sustainable, battery-less devices or augmented energy sources, especially when using traditional power sources, such as in wearable devices, remote locations, or mobile applications is not practical or cost-effective.

Original languageBritish English
Article number10160
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


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