Characterization of agonist and antagonist binding to muscarinic cholinergic receptors solubilized from rat cerebral cortex

A. Adem, M. Sabbagh, Agneta Nordberg

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor was solubilized from rat brain cortex by the zwitter-ionic detergent, 3-((3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylamino)1-propane sulfonate (CHAPS). The supernatant, after centrifugation at 100,000 × g, was shown to contain molecules with binding sites for both3H-pirenzepine (3H-PZ) and3H-(-) quinuclidinyl benzilate (3H-QNB). Maximum binding values for3H-PZ and3H-QNB binding to solubilized receptors were approximately 176±24 pmol/g and 370±53 pmol/g of protein, respectively. The Kd values for3H-PZ and3H-QNB binding to solubilized receptors were 27±6.3nM and 0.17±0.03 nM, respectively. The rank order of potencies of muscarinic drugs, in terms of their ability to inhibit binding of either3H-PZ or3H-QNB, was atropine > pirenzepine > oxotremorine > carabachol. Pirenzepine inhibited3H-QNB binding with a Hill coefficient of 0.77, but inhibited3H-PZ with a Hill coefficient of 0.94. Hill coefficients for agonists were less than 1. These findings indicate that muscarinic receptors solubilized from rat brain cortex retain their abilities to interact selectively with muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1988

Keywords

  • agonist
  • muscarinic
  • pirenzepine
  • Soluble receptors

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