Characterization and corrosion resistance of boron-containing-austenitic stainless steels produced by rapid solidification techniques

Guilherme Y. Koga, Lucas B. Otani, Ana M.B. Silva, Virginie Roche, Ricardo P. Nogueira, Alberto M. Jorge, Claudemiro Bolfarini, Claudio S. Kiminami, Walter J. Botta

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The composition of a commercial duplex stainless steel was modified with boron additions (3.5, 4.5, and 5.5 wt.%) and processed by rapid-quenching techniques: Melt-spinning, copper-mold casting, and high-velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF). Spray deposition was also used to produce alloys as the process may induce rapid-solidified-like microstructures. These processing routes led to microstructures with distinguished corrosion resistance. Among the alloys with different boron contents, the 63.5Fe25Cr7Ni4.5B composition enabled the production of fully amorphous ribbons by melt-spinning. The cooling rate experienced during copper-mold casting, high-velocity oxygen fuel, and spray deposition did not ensure complete amorphization. The crystalline phases thereby formed were (Fe,Cr)2B and (Fe,Mo)3B2 borides in an austenitic-matrix with morphology and refinement dependent of the cooling rates. Fully amorphous 63.5Fe25Cr7Ni4.5B ribbons exhibited outstanding corrosion resistance in chloride-rich alkaline and acid media with negligible corrosion current densities of about 10-8 A/cm2 and a broad passivation plateau. Although the specimens of the same composition produced by HVOF process and spray deposition exhibited lower corrosion resistance because of intrinsic porosity and crystalline phases, their corrosion behaviors were superior to those of AISI 1045 steel used as substrate with the advantage to be reinforced with hard borides known to be resistant against wear.

Original languageBritish English
Article number2189
JournalMaterials
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Bulk amorphous alloys
  • Corrosion
  • Rapid solidification
  • Stainless steel
  • Thermo-calc

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