Catalytic deoxygenation of triolein to green fuel over mesoporous TiO2 aided by in situ hydrogen production

Lee Eng Oi, Min Yee Choo, Hwei Voon Lee, Y. H. Taufiq-Yap, Chin Kui Cheng, Joon Ching Juan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The greenhouse gases contributed by combustion of fossil fuel has urged the need for sustainable green fuel production. Deoxygenation is the most reliable process to convert bio-oil into green fuel. In this study, the deoxygenation of triolein was investigated via mesoporous TiO2 calcined at different temperature in the absence of external H2. The high conversion of fuel-liked hydrocarbons showed the in situ H2 produced from the reaction. The mesoporous TiO2 calcined at 500 °C (M500) demonstrated the highest activity, around 76.9% conversion was achieved with 78.9% selectivity to hydrocarbon. The reaction proceed through second order kinetic with a rate constant of 0.0557 g−1trioleinh−1. The major product of the reaction were diesel range saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon (60%) further the formation of in situ H2. It is interesting to observe that higher calcination temperature improve crystallinity and remove surface hydroxyls, meanwhile increase the acid density and medium strength acid site. The conversion of triolein increased linearly with the amount of medium strength acid sites. This result suggests that medium-strength acidity of catalyst is a critical factor in determining deoxygenation activities. In addition, the presence of mesopores allow the diffusion of triolein molecules and improve the selectivity. Hence, mesoporous TiO2 with Lewis acidity is a fascinating catalyst and hydrogen donor in high-value green fuel.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)11605-11614
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number20
StatePublished - 14 Apr 2020


  • Acidity
  • Decarboxylation
  • Deoxygenation
  • Hydrocarbon
  • TiO
  • Triolein


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