Capacitive deionization of NaCl from saline solution using graphene/CNTs/ZnO NPs based electrodes

Naman Arora, Fawzi Banat, G. Bharath, Emad Alhseinat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Capacitive deionization (CDI) is an energy efficient and cost-effective technology for electrosorption of salt ions. In this work, graphene/CNTs/ZnO (FGC-ZnO) with different loading of ZnO (5% and 10%) hybrid material was developed and used as high-performance CDI electrode for the removal of NaCl from saline solution. FE-SEM and HR-TEM images confirmed that the hybrid material has interconnected network with well-ordered structure covering ZnO nanoparticles. The FGC-ZnO-10% hybrid material showed enhanced specific capacitance of 280 F g-1 at 10 mV s-1 as compared to FGC-ZnO-5%. Moreover, a high electrosorption capacity of 28.62 mg g-1 in 600mg l-1 NaCl at 1.2 V was obtained with the FGC-ZnO-10% hybrid material in a batch-mode CDI cell. The Kim-Yoon plot demonstrated that the maximum achieved ASAR is 1.004 mg g-1 min-1 at 1.2 V. This work suggested that FGC-ZnO-10% material have the potential to be utilized as CDI electrode for the desalination of saline water.

Original languageBritish English
Article number455304
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number45
StatePublished - 28 Aug 2019


  • average salt adsorption rate
  • capacitive deionization
  • desalination
  • hybrid material
  • salt adsorption capacity


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