Bridging artificial intelligence and fucoxanthin for the recovery and quantification from microalgae

J.W.R. Chong, D.Y.Y. Tang, H.Y. Leong, K.S. Khoo, P.L. Show, K.W. Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Fucoxanthin is a carotenoid that possesses various beneficial medicinal properties for human well-being. However, the current extraction technologies and quantification techniques are still lacking in terms of cost validation, high energy consumption, long extraction time, and low yield production. To date, artificial intelligence (AI) models can assist and improvise the bottleneck of fucoxanthin extraction and quantification process by establishing new technologies and processes which involve big data, digitalization, and automation for efficiency fucoxanthin production. This review highlights the application of AI models such as artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), capable of learning patterns and relationships from large datasets, capturing non-linearity, and predicting optimal conditions that significantly impact the fucoxanthin extraction yield. On top of that, combining metaheuristic algorithm such as genetic algorithm (GA) can further improve the parameter space and discovery of optimal conditions of ANN and ANFIS models, which results in high R2 accuracy ranging from 98.28% to 99.60% after optimization. Besides, AI models such as support vector machine (SVM), convolutional neural networks (CNNs), and ANN have been leveraged for the quantification of fucoxanthin, either computer vision based on color space of images or regression analysis based on statistical data. The findings are reliable when modeling for the concentration of pigments with high R2 accuracy ranging from 66.0% - 99.2%. This review paper has reviewed the feasibility and potential of AI for the extraction and quantification purposes, which can reduce the cost, accelerate the fucoxanthin yields, and development of fucoxanthin-based products.
Original languageBritish English
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • artificial intelligence
  • digital images
  • extraction
  • Fucoxanthin
  • identification
  • machine learning
  • microalgae
  • quantification
  • response surface methodology
  • statistical data
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Fuzzy Logic
  • Humans
  • Microalgae
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • fucoxanthin
  • artificial neural network
  • fuzzy logic
  • human
  • microalga


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