Bose-Einstein condensation of lithium

C. A. Sackett, C. C. Bradley, M. Welling, R. G. Hulet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bose-Einstein condensation of 7Li has been studied in a magnetically trapped gas. Because of the effectively attractive interactions between 7Li atoms, many-body quantum theory predicts that the occupation number of the condensate is limited to about 1400 atoms. We observe the condensate number to be limited to a maximum value between 650 and 1300 atoms. The measurements were made using a versatile phase-contrast imaging technique. We discuss our measurements, the current theoretical understanding of BEC in a gas with attractive interactions, and future experiments we hope to perform.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)154-161
Number of pages8
JournalBrazilian Journal of Physics
Volume27
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1997

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