Blockchain Architectures for Physical Internet: A Vision, Features, Requirements, and Applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Physical Internet (PI) is a global and interconnected logistics system that enables freight transportation and material handling akin to transfer of data packets in computer networks and digital Internet. Blockchain is an emerging and disruptive technology that has the potential to bring ground-breaking innovation and major improvements to PI based transportation and material handling systems. In this article, we describe the advantages of integrating blockchain technology with PI and present suitable architectures. We discuss the enabling concepts required to ensure the feasibility of blockchain based PI networks leading to efficiency and trust for the next generation logistic networks and material handling systems. Furthermore, we present two permissioned block-chain architectures using Hyperledger Fabric and Besu that provide decentralization, privacy, trust, immutability, and transparency in PI networks. Finally, we highlight several use case scenarios that demonstrate the practicality of the proposed blockchain architectures for the PI networks.

Original languageBritish English
Article number9246622
Pages (from-to)174-181
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Network
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Blockchain Architectures for Physical Internet: A Vision, Features, Requirements, and Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this