Blockade of histone deacetylase inhibitor-induced RelA/p65 acetylation and NF-κB activation potentiates apoptosis in leukemia cells through a process mediated by oxidative damage, XIAP downregulation, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 activation

Yun Dai, Mohamed Rahmani, Paul Dent, Steven Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

222 Scopus citations

Abstract

NF-κB activation is reciprocally regulated by RelA/p65 acetylation and deacetylation, which are mediated by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and deacetylases (HDACs). Here we demonstrate that in leukemia cells, NF-κB activation by the HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) MS-275 and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid was associated with hyperacetylation and nuclear translocation of RelA/p65. The latter events, as well as the association of RelA/p65 with IκBα, were strikingly diminished by either coadministration of the IκBα phosphorylation inhibitor Bay 11-7082 (Bay) or transfection with an IκBα superrepressor. Inhibition of NF-κB by pharmacological inhibitors or genetic strategies markedly potentiated apoptosis induced by HDACIs, and this was accompanied by enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, downregulation of Mn-superoxide dismutase and XIAP, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) activation. Conversely, N-acetyl L-cysteine blocked apoptosis induced by Bay/HDACIs by abrogating ROS generation. Inhibition of JNK1 activation attenuated Bay/HDACI lethality without affecting NF-κB inactivation and ROS generation. Finally, XIAP overexpression dramatically protected cells against the Bay/HDACI regimen but failed to prevent ROS production and JNK1 activation. Together, these data suggest that HDACIs promote the accumulation of acetylated RelA/p65 in the nucleus, leading to NF-κB activation. Moreover, interference with these events by either pharmacological or genetic means leads to a dramatic increase in HDACI-mediated lethality through enhanced oxidative damage, downregulation of NF-κB-dependent antiapoptotic proteins, and stress-related JNK1 activation.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)5429-5444
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume25
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

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