Biosorption potential of Phoenix dactylifera coir wastes for toxic hexavalent chromium sequestration

K. Rambabu, A. Thanigaivelan, G. Bharath, N. Sivarajasekar, Fawzi Banat, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Valorization of waste phytomass into valuable components provide new functionality to these biowastes and annul problems associated with their safe disposal. In this study, date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) coir (DPC) waste was tested for its toxic hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) ions biosorption. The DPC biosorbent was subjected to SEM, EDX, FTIR, TGA and N2 adsorption/desorption characterization studies. Results showed that the cellulose-rich DPC surface contained mesopores with a wide number of functional groups and possessed suitable surface attributes for Cr(VI) ions sequestration. Batch biosorption tests established the Cr(VI) ions sequestration potential of the DPC biosorbent with a maximum chromium removal efficiency of 87.2% for a 100 ppm initial feed concentration at pH 2, dosage 0.3 g, temperature 30 °C, contact time 60 min and agitation speed 100 rpm. Langmuir isotherm fitted well (R2 = 0.9955) with the experimental data while the kinetic analysis showed that Cr(VI) ions sequestration by DPC followed the pseudo-second order model. Biosorption thermodynamics revealed the exothermic nature and low-temperature preference for the effective binding of chromium ions on DPC. Regeneration of the biosorbent using NaOH wash showed a nearly steady Cr(VI) ions removal efficiency (with a loss <10%) by the DPC till four recycle runs. Economic analysis showed a very low production cost of $1.09/kg for the DPC biosorbent with a total cost of $4.36/m3 for a scale-up batch process wastewater treatment plant. Thus, a low-cost, effectual and sustainable biosorbent for effective treatment of Cr(VI) ions polluted water streams has been reported.

Original languageBritish English
Article number128809
JournalChemosphere
Volume268
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Biosorption
  • Chromium removal
  • Date palm coir waste
  • Phoenix dactylifera
  • Waste-to-value
  • Wastewater treatment

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