Biorefineries of carbon dioxide: From carbon capture and storage (CCS) to bioenergies production

Wai Yan Cheah, Tau Chuan Ling, Joon Ching Juan, Duu Jong Lee, Jo Shu Chang, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

156 Scopus citations


Greenhouse gas emissions have several adverse environmental effects, like pollution and climate change. Currently applied carbon capture and storage (CCS) methods are not cost effective and have not been proven safe for long term sequestration. Another attractive approach is CO2 valorization, whereby CO2 can be captured in the form of biomass via photosynthesis and is subsequently converted into various form of bioenergy. This article summarizes the current carbon sequestration and utilization technologies, while emphasizing the value of bioconversion of CO2. In particular, CO2 sequestration by terrestrial plants, microalgae and other microorganisms are discussed. Prospects and challenges for CO2 conversion are addressed. The aim of this review is to provide comprehensive knowledge and updated information on the current advances in biological CO2 sequestration and valorization, which are essential if this approach is to achieve environmental sustainability and economic feasibility.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)346-356
Number of pages11
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2016


  • Biofuels
  • CO sequestration
  • CO valorization
  • Microalgae
  • Terrestrial plants


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