Bioinspired and green synthesis of nanoparticles from plant extracts with antiviral and antimicrobial properties: A critical review

Gowhar A. Naikoo, Mujahid Mustaqeem, Israr U. Hassan, Tasbiha Awan, Fareeha Arshad, Hiba Salim, Ahsanulhaq Qurashi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

Currently green synthesis of nanoparticles has attained much interest because of their safe nature, environmentally benign, ease in manufacturing, and low production cost. It is a reliable process for developing a wide array of nanostructures such as metal salts from plants/fungal/bacterial extract and hybrid materials. Green synthesis of nanoparticles provided promising and sustainable alternative approach to conventional synthesis approaches. Recent studies demonstrated that nanoparticles are highly promising for antiviral and antimicrobial properties. Here in, the advancement in green synthesis of nanoparticles using natural compounds such as plant extracts, fruit juices and other relevant sources have been highlighted. A deep insight into antiviral and antimicrobial activities of these nanoparticles provided. These nanoparticles offer diverse opportunity to counter life threating viral and other antimicrobial infections. This review offers understanding of the recent data that provide the readers various strategies to design and develop advance nanomaterials via greener approach. Current challenges, critical overview and future outlook of the green synthesis of nanoparticles and possibilities of their effective and exotic exploration for antimicrobial and antiviral applications are summarized.

Original languageBritish English
Article number101304
JournalJournal of Saudi Chemical Society
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Antiviral
  • Green synthesis
  • Nanoparticles
  • Natural plant extracts

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