Bending models for superelastic shape memory alloy laminated composite cantilever beams with elastic core layer

N. V. Viet, W. Zaki, Rehan Umer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


This paper develops a novel and simple analytical model to investigate the bending response of superelastic shape memory alloy (SMA) laminated composite cantilever beam during a complete loading/unloading cycle based on ZM's three-dimensional (3D) thermomechanical model for SMAs and Timoshenko beam theory. The laminated composite beam configuration is formed by two SMA layers bonded to one elastic core layer. The results show a superelastic behavior of the composite. The moment-curvature response, martensite distribution along vertical direction, stress distribution along vertical and axial direction, tip deflection of the composite are revealed. The effects of temperature, thickness ratio and stiffness ratio on the moment-curvature response are also investigated. 3D finite element analysis (FEA) is carried out in parallel to validate against results obtained from analytical and exact numerical models. A good agreement is obtained. Whereby the maximum observed difference in terms of curvature is 7% between analytical and 3D FEA data, and 0.5% between analytical and accurate numerical solutions at moment Me=0.181N.m during the loading cases. This novel work sheds light on the fundamental and deep knowledge of SMA composite's static bending behavior. That will be very helpful and significant for other researchers to furtherly investigate on dynamical behavior of this and other SMA laminated composite configurations.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)86-103
Number of pages18
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2018


  • Analytical modelling
  • Finite element analysis (FEA)
  • Laminates
  • Numerical analysis
  • Shape memory alloy


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