Autonomous wireless self-charging for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles

Ali Bin Junaid, Aleksay Konoiko, Yahya Zweiri, M. Necip Sahinkaya, Lakmal Seneviratne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rotary-wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have the ability to operate in confined spaces and to hover over point of interest, but they have limited flight time and endurance. Conventional contact-based charging system for UAVs has been used, but it requires high landing accuracy for proper docking. Instead of the conventional system, autonomous wireless battery charging system for UAVs in outdoor conditions is proposed in this paper. UAVs can be wirelessly charged using the proposed charging system, regardless of yaw angle between UAVs and wireless charging pad, which can further reduce their control complexity for autonomous landing. The increased overall mission time eventually relaxes the limitations on payload and flight time. In this paper, a cost effective automatic recharging solution for UAVs in outdoor environments is proposed using wireless power transfer (WPT). This research proposes a global positioning system (GPS) and vision-based closed-loop target detection and a tracking system for precise landing of quadcopters in outdoor environments. The system uses the onboard camera to detect the shape, color and position of the defined target in image frame. Based on the offset of the target from the center of the image frame, control commands are generated to track and maintain the center position. Commercially available AR.Drone. was used to demonstrate the proposed concept which is equppied with bottom camera and GPS. Experiments and analyses showed good performance, and about 75% average WPT efficiency was achieved in this research.

Original languageBritish English
Article number803
JournalEnergies
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Autonomous landing
  • Endurance
  • Energy
  • Image processing
  • Quadcopter
  • Rotary-wing
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
  • Wireless power transfer

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