Au-Pt alloy nanocatalysts for electro-oxidation of methanol and their application for fast-response non-enzymatic alcohol sensing

Liyan Zhao, Joseph P. Thomas, Nina F. Heinig, Marwa Abd-Ellah, Xiongyao Wang, K. T. Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrodeposited Au-Pt alloy nanoparticles supported on ITO-glass substrates have been used as a model catalyst to study the electro-oxidation of methanol (0.5 M) in a KOH (0.5 M) electrolyte. Using cyclic voltammetry, we show that the Au-Pt alloy nanoparticles exhibit a significantly higher catalytic activity than the Pt nanoparticles, while the Au nanoparticles show no catalytic affinity toward electro-oxidation of methanol. The Au-Pt alloy nanoparticles are also found to be catalytically more reactive than bimetallic Au-core Pt-shell and Pt-core Au-shell nanoparticles. We further show that these Au-Pt alloy nanoparticles working in alkaline solution could act as an amperometric sensor for the determination of alcohol concentration. The exceptional performance of this nanoalloy sensor, including its short response time (2 s), relatively large linear range (1-11 mM), low detection limit (0.1 mM), high sensitivity (0.043 mA cm-2 mM-1) and long-term stability (over 90 days), are also characterized. The present nanoalloy sensor also has the lowest working potential (0.25 V), making it less prone to an interference effect. This journal is

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)2707-2714
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume2
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Apr 2014

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