Assessment of plasma BMP-2, BMP-7, BMP-10, Vitamin D, and TGF β1 in simple fractures among Sudanese patients

Amin Ahmed Ali, Muawia Mohamed Mukhtar, Samir Shaheen, Abdelrahim Osman Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) are multifunctional proteins. They work as cytokines regulating osteogenesis during fracture healing process. The objectives of this study were to assess changes in BMPs during fracture and their correlations to Fracture's healing. Methods Case-Control hospital-based study conducted from January 2018 to January 2019. Demographic data, anthropometric measurements, and blood samples were collected from patients and controls (18-65 years old). Plasma concentrations of selected BMPs and vitamin D were measured using quantitative enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). SPSS version 25 was used to calculate frequencies, Pearson correlation tests, chi-square and unpaired t-test. Results Sixty-five patients with fractures and Sixty-five controls were studied. Means of plasma concentrations were (TGFβ1 = 21.07 ng/ml ±8.49 and 19.8 ng/ml ±7.2) (BMP-2 = 76.3 pg/ml ± 156.6 and 55.5 ng/ml ± 127.9) (BMP-7 = 13.02 pg/ml ±43.5 and 64.6pg/ml ±250) (BMP-10 = 8.14 pg/ml ±12.7 and 5.48 pg/ml ±11.3) (Vitamin D mean was 24.94 ng/ml ±13.2 and 26.2 ng/ml ±11.6) in patients and controls, respectively. Forty-five subjects were enrolled into follow up study: 30 males, 15 females. Healing time mean was 4.13± 2.6 months. No significant correlation between BMP-2/BMP-7 with healing time. Conclusions BMP-7 was significantly lowers in the plasma of patients that controls (P = 0.042). Low Vitamin D was observed among Sudanese participants.

Original languageBritish English
Article numbere0247472
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number2 February
StatePublished - Feb 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of plasma BMP-2, BMP-7, BMP-10, Vitamin D, and TGF β1 in simple fractures among Sudanese patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this