Applications of nanotechnology in smart textile industry: A critical review

Mudasir Akbar Shah, Bilal Masood Pirzada, Gareth Price, Abel L. Shibiru, Ahsanulhaq Qurashi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


Background: In recent years, nanotechnology has been playing an important role in designing smart fabrics. Nanomaterials have been employed to introduce in a sustainable manner, antimicrobial, ultraviolet resistant, electrically conductive, optical, hydrophobic and flame-retardant properties into textiles and garments. Nanomaterial based smart devices are now also being integrated with the textiles so as to perform various functions such as energy harvesting and storage, sensing, drug release and optics. These advancements have found wide applications in the fashion industry and are being developed for wider use in defence, healthcare and on-body energy harnessing applications. Aim of review: The objective of this work is to provide an insight into the current trends of using nanotechnology in the modern textile industries and to inspire and anticipate further research in this field. This review provides an overview of the most current advances concerning on-body electronics research and the wonders which could be realized by nanomaterials in modern textiles in terms of total energy reliance on our clothes. Key scientific concepts of review: The work underlines the various methods and techniques for the functionalization of nanomaterials and their integration into textiles with an emphasis on cost-effectiveness, comfort, wearability, energy conversion efficiency and eco-sustainability. The most recent trends of developing various nanogenerators, supercapacitors and photoelectronic devices on the fabric are highlighted, with special emphasis on the efficiency and wearability of the textile. The potential nanotoxicity associated with the processed textiles due to the tendency of these nanomaterials to leach into the environment along with possible remediation measures are also discussed. Finally, the future outlook regarding progress in the integration of smart nano-devices on textile fabrics is provided.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)55-75
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Advanced Research
StatePublished - May 2022


  • Energy storage
  • Nanogenerator
  • Nanotechnology
  • On-body electronics
  • Sensor
  • Smart textile


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